This Response suggests that energy laws should support the advancement of carbon-neutral technologies and other infrastructure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This support requires a reimagining of our energy system, involving the entire energy lifecycle—from production to consumption, through abandonment and reuse. This reimagination should also occur in the forms of technological and legal innovation. As Macey keenly observes, zombie energy laws “distort electric power markets and impede the development of renewable energy sources.” But the zombies’ affect reaches further than markets and the lucrative promise of a renewable future—the zombies stifle innovation.
Monika U. Ehrman